Helps in physical fitness: Strong and fit body is an inevitable asset in the field of sports. Study of anatomy and physiology helps a sport person to understand the structure and function of different parts of human body and to acquire a fit and healthy body. Therefore, the responses and adaptations of the muscular system to exercise are important parts of exercise physiology. During exercise, many changes take place in skeletal muscle, such as changes in temperature, acidity, and ion concentrations. The growth of this discipline has given way to a large number of career paths dedicated to studying the effects of exercise on the human body. Exercise physiology plays a pivotal role in medicine, and allied health fields. ; Exercise stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and will induce an integrated response from the body. At rest, our nervous system maintains a parasympathetic tone which affects the respiratory rate, cardiac output, and various metabolic processes. Compared to our resting state, exercise poses a substantial increase in demand for the body. But hopefully you can begin to understand that the benefits of exercise physiology are varied and multifactorial. It is a growing area of study in both the medical and fitness fields. Exercise Physiology Definition. Though not an absolute rule, academic programs in exercise physiology typically have more uniform and standardized physiology-based curricula. History—Exercise Physiology 1927 David B. Dill, biochemist from Stanford Harvard Fatigue Laboratory, legendary accomplishments in exercise physiology. Studied the physiological, psychological, sociological factors with manual work. i. Both exercise science and exercise physiology are terms that describe a field of study devoted to understanding the acute and chronic responses to exercise, physical activity and sport. The use of exercise testing has expanded greatly to help guide decisions about medical management and prognosis in a broad spectrum of patients. Referral to an exercise professional may be an option! It is dedicated to the promotion of health, fitness, and performance through the application of knowledge and research related to exercise. While most lump exercise physiology with sports performance or athletic training, that is a mere fraction to what the field of exercise physiology contributes too. Exercise physiology is the study of the body’s responses to physical activity. Study of anatomy and physiology plays very important role in the field of sports because of following reasons. Exercise is about movement, and the muscular system is primarily responsible for creating movement. Exercise physiology is the study of how the body reacts to physical exercise, in both the long and short term, and how the body adapts to ongoing exercise and any changes to a routine.. 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